Honduras Facts

Government type: democratic constitutional republic

Capital: Tegucigalpa

Administrative divisions:
 18 departments (departamentos, singular – departamento); Atlántida, Choluteca, Colón, Comayagua, Copán, Cortés, El Paraíso, Francisco Morazán, Gracias a Dios, Intibucá, Islas de la Bahía, La Paz, Lempira, Ocotepeque, Olancho, Santa Bárbara, Valle, Yoro

Legal system: Rooted in Roman and Spanish civil law with increasing influence of English common law; recent judicial reforms include abandoning Napoleonic legal codes in favor of the oral adversarial system; accepts ICJ jurisdiction

Executive branch: President: Porfirio Lobo Sosa. President elected by popular vote for a four-year term (2010-2014); President appoints Cabinet.

Legislative branch: unicameral National Congress or Congreso Nacional (128 seats; members are elected proportionally to the number of votes their party’s presidential candidate receives to serve four-year terms)

Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice or Corte Suprema de Justicia (judges are elected for seven-year terms by the National Congress)


GDP (official exchange rate): $8.038 billion (2005 est.)

GDP – real growth rate:
 4.2% (2005 est.)

GDP – per capita: $1,115 (2005 est.)

GDP – composition by sector: agriculture: 13.9%, industry: 20.01%, hotels and restaurants: 12.33%, financial services: 10.54% (2005 est.)

Labor force: 2.44 million (2005 est.)

Labor force – by occupation: 
agriculture 35%, industry 16%, commerce 21% (2005 preliminary est.)

Unemployment rate: 29.5% (2005)

Population below poverty line:
 64% (2005 est.)

Inflation rate (consumer prices):
 7.7% (2005 est.)

Agriculture – products: coffee, bananas, shrimp, palm oil, melon, lobster, timber

Industries: sugar, coffee, textiles, clothing, wood products, soaps and detergents

Industrial production growth rate: 3.7%, 4.2%, 4.9% (2003-2005, respectively)

Exports: $1.694 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)

Exports – partners: U.S. 36.81%, El Salvador 10.49%, Germany 8.46%, Guatemala 7.9% (2005)

Imports: $4.484 billion f.o.b. (2005 est.)

Imports – partners: US 37.5%, Guatemala 9.3%, México 5.25%, Costa Rica 5.46%, El Salvador 5.94% (2005)

Currency (code): 
Lempira (HNL)

Exchange rates: Lempiras per US dollar – 18.92 (2005), with an average depreciation of 3.9% in the last three years


Location: Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean), between El Salvador and Nicaragua

Area: total: 112,090 sq km, land: 111,890 sq km , water: 200 sq km

Area – comparative: slightly larger than Tennessee

Coastline: 820 km, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans

Climate: subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains

Terrain: mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains

Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m, highest point: Cerro Las Minas 2,870 m

Natural resources: timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower

Land use: arable land: 9.55%, permanent crops: 3.22%, other: 87.23% (2001)


Population: 6,975,204 (July 2005 est.)

Population growth rate: 2.16% (2005 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: 69.3 years

Ethnic groups:
 mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%

Religions: Roman Catholic, Protestant

Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write, total population: 76.2%, male: 76.1%, female: 76.3% (2003 est.)